Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Birch will bleed sap if pruned in winter or early spring, so wait until the leaves are out on your Birch trees before you prune them. Gray birch has been commonly planted as a landscaping tree in southern Pennsylvania and New Jersey as it tolerates heat and humidity better than paper birch and is more resistant to bronze birch borers and leaf miners. It grows in dry to draining wet soils in … Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. United States, CA, Berkeley, University of California Berkeley Botanical Garden. Shows some resistant to bronze birch borer. Corrections? Nielsen, David G., Vanessa L. Muilenburg, and Daniel A. Herms. Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. It is most easily confused for the paper birch (Betula papyrifera) by means of its bark; it is smooth and thin but does not readily exfoliate like paper birch does. The outer bark resembles that of paper birch but is not so white, peels less, and has rough, triangular, black patches below the junctions of branches and trunk. Cold Stream Farm supplies Gray Birch trees which are grown as bare root seedlings and transplants and sold both wholesale and retail with no minimum order. Two of the most common birch tree species in the Northeast are the River Birch and White Birch. This tree is wonderful in urban settings. Betula populifolia leaves, New Brunswick, Canada. Betula populifolia bark, Vermont, US. It is frequently found in old fields, burns and heavi-ly-cut areas.This is a small tree that commonly 90 GRAY BIRCH G B Betula populifolia Marsh. Sun, will grow on poor soil, both wet and dry. In one variety, the leaves are purplish when young. Web. Peterson. Ambesonne Birch Tree Curtains, White Branches with Leaves Autumn Nature Forest Inspired Image Print, Living Room Bedroom Window Drapes 2 Panel Set, 108" X 84", White Grey … Starker lists gray birch as low in resistance to fire, ranking it 17th out of 22 fire-resistant hardwoods in the northeastern United States. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long by 4â6 cm wide, alternately arranged, ovate, and tapering to an elongated tip. It occurs to some extent statewide, but is only abundant in the southern and eastern sections of the state. Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40 tall. Betula populifolia (gray or grey birch) is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 They are dark green and glabrous above and paler below, with a coarsely serrated margin. Gray birch… Black triangular patches form on bark, under branches. ©J.S. Young trees have almost pinkish bark. The tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump. With its whimsical branches and gorgeous fall foliage, the birch tree is a … See also birch. The thin, glossy, dark green, triangular leaves have long, thin stems and flutter in the wind. BioOne. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). No need to use pruning paint. It typically occurs in both dry and wet soils. This easy care tree thrives in either full sun or partial shade. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. The wood is medium hard and is used for high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, spools and firewood. By the time the tree is old, its bark has darkened considerably and taken on a rough and fissured appearance. Betula populifolia (gray or grey birch) is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America. to Bronze Birch Borer." The flowers are wind-pollinated catkins 5â8 cm long, the male catkins pendulous and the female catkins erect. G ray birch is a short-lived and not particu-larly valuable tree. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Print. It prefers poor, dry upland soils, but is also found in moist mixed woodlands. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. Part of a white gray birch with long branches and green small leaves Thick white, brown and gray bark of white birch. March 24, 2004. In spring, tiny yellowish-brown male flowers appear in drooping catkins, 4 in. Preferred hosts are European white birch and whitebarked Himalayan birch; paper birch, gray birch are also attacked; river birch is rarely infested; More information on Bronze birch borer; 2 of 5. populations of Gray Birch in Illinois may be naturalized descendants of cultivated trees. Our day room allows families to gather and residents to participate in activities or enjoy quiet time. Living only about 30 years, it is a common pioneer species on abandoned fields and burned areas. It is more common further to the east and northeast. Originally thought to be Betula platyphylla japonica, Whitespire has recently been identified as Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, a species known to be bronze birch borer resistant. This tree is noted for (1) its non-peeling chalky white bark with dark chevron trunk patches appearing below each branch base and (… Omissions? Quick growing but short-lived, it seeds prolifically, providing burned or abandoned areas with a ground cover that protects the seedlings of more permanent trees. Birch is a lovely tree with ornate bark - which can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black - that is often used in furniture due to its high-quality wood. Gray birch wood is used in turnery and for fuel. gray birch Betulaceae Betula populifolia Marshall symbol: BEPO Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, triangular with a very elongated acuminate tip, 2 to 3 inches long, doubly serrate margin, green above and paler below. The birch tree is popular among homeowners due to its beautiful bark, modest size and graceful branches. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The fruit, maturing in autumn, is composed of many tiny winged seeds packed between the catkin bracts. However, they can be easily distinguished by bark texture or leaf shape.  The bark is chalky to grayish white with black triangular patches where branch meets trunk. Updates? Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. Gray Birch Betula populifolia - #14 Smallest of the northeastern birches, this tree tends to grow in attractive clumps and is easily identified by its dull, chalky-to-grey bark highlighted by black triangular patches where the branches meet the trunk. Shiny, red … Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft 3 (560 kg/m 3) ... I’m Guessing they use the gray birch clubs for ceremonies And dances, and They use the yellow birch for clubs that would be used in actual combat. Tough and tender bark of gray, white, brown birch tree Its fall foliage color is yellow. Reply. 0. For the moth, see. It can also be planted as a nurse tree to protect more valuable pines in the landscape that require protection to become established. Like other North American birches, gray birch is highly resistant to the bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius). Tony 2 years ago It's not fussy about soil type and can grow even in poor soils. The White Birch tree is characterized by its beautiful white bark (when mature) and drooping branches, whereas the River Birch tree has a brownish-red exfoliating bark and pyramidal to rounded … Similar to paper birch but smaller and with a more southerly range. Our editors will review what youâve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Gray Birch has a 37-bed capacity, offering three private rooms and 17 semi-private rooms. Check out our gray birch trees selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. Native geographic location and habitat. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. Armillaria root rot Armillaria spp. We also have an alcove where residents gather and socialize. It is a short-lived, small, pioneer species that readily colonizes clearings. Environmental Entomology 40.3 (2011): 648-53. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. This is a cultivar of a tree n ative to the northeastern United States. Our plants are grown from seed collected from the original Whitespire Birch selection in an isolated seed block. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. Infected trees have poor growth, dead branches in … Young trees have smooth bark. Although the grey birch exhibits a smooth, thin white bark which can easily be confused with that of the paper birch (Betula papyrifera), it does not readily exfoliate. The Silver birch garners its name from the fact that as it matures the bark turns a silvery gray. Harlow & Harrar's Textbook of Dendrology. Birch tree seeds and bark are often eaten by area wildlife. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. Gray white trunk of a birch tree with green branches in foliage. Cherry Birch (Betula lenta) Cherry birch is a large tree that grows from a single main trunk. University of Florida Environmental Horticulture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_populifolia&oldid=945753781, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 March 2020, at 22:49. Resistant to bronze birch borer and air pollution. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Birch, any of about 40 species of short-lived ornamental and timber trees and shrubs constituting...â¦. Gray birch often is injured by ice and snow. The white bark of Gray Birch is tight on the trunk and develops gray streaks when old around the base of the tree. It most often appears in … Hardin, James W., Donald Joseph Leopold, and Fred M. White. Gray, Paper Birch Trees Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. (Gray Birch has been crossed with red-leaved cultivars of European White Birch to get more heat and drought resistant trees.) 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